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Sustainably managed forest can protect both water supplies and water quality.

Water consumption

It is common to think that forest plantations consume large amounts of water, depriving surrounding communities from this natural resource. However, many researches show that plantation water consumption is not necessarily higher than that of native forests.

Water quality

Researches lead by FAO show that forests make a significant contribution to enhance the ecosystem's water properties. By minimizing erosion of the soil, forests reduce sedimentation of water bodies (wetlands, ponds, lakes, rivers, watercourses) and catch or filter water polluting substances present in the dead plant material.

Water use certifications

To ensure sustainable management of their forests, more forest companies in Chile have certification labels which have a legal framework to regulate water management and use.
By 2012, there were 1,343,812 planted hectares with CERTFOR certification (1) and by October 2013, 1,547,223 planted hectares were FSC-certified (2). With both certifications, 70% of the country's plantations have environmental sustainability certification labels, ensuring that forests use water efficiently (3).

Clean Production Agreements (CPA) related to water

Clean Production Agreements (CPA) are another system to ensure sustainable forest management. 
CPAs have demanded an efficient use of water to the signatory companies.

(2). Preliminary data sent from FSC-Chile to CORMA